Africa Travel and Leisure: Go Visit Africa, Travel Guides & Reviews Updates.

Welcome to Africa Travel and Leisure guide offering you with the best travel information, tips and updates about tourism resources in Africa. Africa is the world’s second largest and second most-populous continent (behind Asia in both categories). At about 30.3 million km2 (11.7 million square miles) including adjacent islands, it covers 6% of Earth’s total surface area and 20% of its land area.

With 1.2 billion people as of 2016, it accounts for about 16% of the world’s human population. The continent is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, the Isthmus of Suez and the Red Sea to the northeast, the Indian Ocean to the southeast and the Atlantic Ocean to the west.

The continent includes Madagascar and various archipelagos. It contains 54 fully recognized sovereign states (countries), nine territories and two de facto independent states with limited or no recognition. The majority of the continent and its countries are in the Northern Hemisphere, with a substantial portion and number of countries in the Southern Hemisphere.

Africa’s average population is the youngest amongst all the continents, the median age in 2012 was 19.7, when the worldwide median age was 30.4. Algeria is Africa’s largest country by area, and Nigeria is its largest by population.

Africa, particularly central Eastern Africa, is widely accepted as the place of origin of humans and the Hominidae clade (great apes), as evidenced by the discovery of the earliest hominids and their ancestors as well as later ones that have been dated to around 7 million years ago, including Sahelanthropus tchadensis, Australopithecus africanus, A. afarensis, Homo erectus, H. habilis and H. ergaster—the earliest Homo sapiens (modern human), found in Ethiopia, date to circa 200,000 years ago.

Africa straddles the equator and encompasses numerous climate areas; it is the only continent to stretch from the northern temperate to southern temperate zones.

Africa hosts a large diversity of ethnicity, cultures and languages. In the late 19th century, European countries colonized almost all of Africa; most present states in Africa originated from a process of decolonization in the 20th century.

African nations cooperate through the establishment of the African Union, which is headquartered in Addis Ababa.

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Central Africa

  • Angola
  • Burundi
  • Cameroon
  • Central African Republic
  • Chad
  • Congo-Brazzaville
  • Congo-Kinshasa
  • Equatorial Guinea
  • Gabon
  • São Tomé and Príncipe

East Africa

  • Burundi
  • Comoros
  • Djibouti
  • Eritrea
  • Ethiopia
  • Kenya
  • Madagascar
  • Mauritius
  • Rwanda
  • Seychelles
  • Somalia
  • South Sudan
  • Sudan
  • Tanzania
  • Uganda

North Africa

  • Algeria
  • Egypt
  • Libya
  • Morocco
  • Tunisia
  • Western Sahara

Southern Africa

West Africa

“The ancient name of Africa was Alkebulan. Alkebu-lan “mother of mankind” or “garden of eden”. Alkebulan is the oldest and the only word of indigenous origin. It was used by the Moors, Nubians, Numidians, Khart-Haddans (Carthagenians), and Ethiopians.
Africa is the hottest continent on earth; dry lands and deserts comprise 60% of the entire land surface. The Sahara Desert (including its satellite deserts) is the world’s largest hot desert, and temperature above 37.78 °C (100 °F) are common.
In some areas, traditional peoples consume the milk and blood of cattle, but rarely the meat. Elsewhere, other peoples are farmers who grow a variety of grains and vegetables. Maize (corn) is the basis of Ugali, the local version of West Africa’s fufu. Ugali is a starch dish eaten with meats or stews.
The largest number of islands of Africa are found in the Indian Ocean, with the sovereign island nations of Comoros, Seychelles, Mauritius and Madagascar located off the southeastern sea board of Africa being the most notable.
There are over 1,100 different species of mammals in Africa and over 2,600 species of birds. Four of the five fastest land animals live in Africa – fastest is the cheetah at 70 mph, wildebeest, lion and Thomson’s gazelle all about 50 mph.
The African, or Cape, buffalo is a member of the so-called “Big Five” group of animals, with the elephant, rhino, lion and leopard. Once popular trophies for hunters, these large and often dangerous animals have continued to capture the imagination.